Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Table of Contents

What is Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is a sickness where the body reacts badly to gluten. Gluten Is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When someone with celiac Disease eats gluten, their body’s defense system attacks their small intestine. This causes problems with digestion and can make a person feel sick.

Celiac disease symptoms?

Problems with Digestion

  • Stomach hurts
  • Feeling bloated
  • Having diarrhea or constipation

Weight loss

  • Weight loss without trying
  • Not growing well (especially for kids)
  • Feeling hungry but still losing weight

Feeling Very Tired

  • Always feeling tired
  • Feeling weak
  • Not having much energy

Skin Troubles

  • Itchy skin rash
  • Skin feels dry
  • Getting bruises easily

Pain in Bones and Joints

  • Bones becoming weak
  • Joints hurting
  • Having muscle cramps

Mouth and Teeth Issues

  • Sores inside the mouth
  • Problems with teeth, like spots
  • Teeth taking a long time to grow

Nerve Problems

  • Headaches often
  • Feeling tingling or numbness in hands and feel
  • Getting dizzy easily

Problems with Having Children

  • Periods not coming regularly
  • Having trouble getting pregnant
  • Losing babies before they are born

Being Anemic

  • Not having enough iron in the blood
  • Feeling tired and weak
  • Skin looking pale

Trouble Growing

  • Kids not growing as they should
  • Being shorter than other kids
  • Taking longer to grow into adults

Changes in Behavior

  • Feeling cranky
  • Feeling worried or scared
  • Feeling very sad

Liver Issues

  • Liver tests showing problems
  • Having a liver that’s too fatty
  • Liver attacking itself

Nervous System Troubles

  • Feeling unsteady
  • Having trouble moving well
  • Having seizures

Breathing Problems

  • Trouble breathing like with asthma
  • Coughing a lot
  • Making a wheezing sound when breathing

Heart Symptoms

  • Heart beating too fast or irregularly
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Heart lining swelling up

Causes of celiac disease?

Genetic Factors

  • Celiac disease often runs in families.
  • If someone in your family has it, you might get it too.

Things in the Environment

  • Certain things around us can start celiac disease.
  • This might include infections, stress, or big changes in life.

Gluten in Food

  • Eating gluten can cause celiac disease.
  • Gluten is found In wheat, barley, and rye.

Having Certain Genes

  • Some genes make it more likely to get celiac disease.
  • Doctors often check for these genes if they think you might have it.

Body’ Defense System Reading

  • Celiac disease is when the body’s defense system attacks itself.
  • It happens when gluten is eaten, and the body mistakenly attacks the intestines.

Problems with the Gut

  • Sometimes, if the gut isn’t working well, it might react badly to gluten.
  • This can lead to celiac disease symptoms.

Getting Sick with Viruses

  • Certain viruses, especially in the stomach, might trigger celiac disease.

Having Other Health Issues

  • Having other health problems might increase the chance of getting celiac disease.
  • Conditions like diabetes or thyroid issues are more common in people with celiac disease.

Big Changes in the Body

  • Sometimes big changes in the body can trigger celiac disease.
  • Things like having a baby, having surgery, or going through a lot of stress can be triggers.

Celiac disease symptoms in females?

  • Stomach Troubles
  • Feeling Tired
  • Feeling Dizzy
  • Skin Problems
  • Period Problems
  • Trouble Getting Pregnant
  • Joint Pain
  • Mouth sores
  • Headaches and Numbness
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling Moody
  • Late Puberty
  • Thyroid Issues
  • Liver Problems
  • Feeling Down

Celiac disease symptoms in children?

  • Stomach Troubles
  • Not Growing Well
  • Feeling Cranky (mood swings)
  • Feeling Tired
  • Late Puberty (growing up later than other kids)
  • Itchy Skin (dry skin)
  • Mouth Sores
  • Tooth Problems
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Headaches and Tingling
  • Feeling Sick
  • Trouble Paying Attention (forget things)

How long does the treatment take to work?

Some people feel better within a few days or weeks of starting a gluten – free diet. But it may take several weeks or even months for the intestines to heal completely. It depends on how strictly the diet is followed and how damaged the intestines are. Doctors will keep track of progress and adjust treatment as needed

Celiac diet plan?


  1. Make an omelet with vegetables like onions and spinach. Cook it in olive oil.
  2. Have a fresh fruit salad with berries, melon, and grapes.
  3. Eat gluten–free toast or corn tortillas.


  1. Cook grilled chicken or tofu. Make a salad with quinoa, cucumber, tomato, and avocado. Dress it with olive oil and lemon juice.
  2. Have a mixed green salad with veggies like carrots, bell peppers, and cherry tomatoes. Use gluten – free salad dressing.
  3. For dessert, eat fresh fruit like an apple, orange, or banana.


  1. Enjoy Greek yogurt with honey and sliced almonds.
  2. Have rice cakes that are gluten – free with almond butter.
  3. Snack on raw veggies like carrot sticks or cucumber slices with hummus.
  4. Pop some popcorn and season it with olive oil and herbs.


  1. Bake salmon or roast veggies like zucchini, eggplant, and bell peppers. Drizzle them with balsamic glaze.
  2. Cook quinoa or brown rice with sautéed garlic and herbs.
  3. Steam broccoli or green beans as a side.
  4. Have gluten – free chocolate avocado pudding for dessert.


  1. Always check food labels to make sure they’re gluten – free.
  2. Use grains like quinoa, rice, corn, and buckwheat, which don’t have gluten.
  3. Stay away from processed foods that might secretly contain gluten.
  4. Try baking with alternative flours like almond or coconut flour.
  5. Experiment with recipes from different cultures that naturally avoid

What food to avoid?

Wheat Stuff

  • Wheat flour
  • Bread
  • Pasta.
  • Wheat bran
  • Wheat germ.

Barley Things

  • Barley flour
  • Malt
  • Cereals made with barley.

Rye Foods

  • Rye bread
  • Flour
  • Crackers.


This is a mix of wheat and rye, so avoid anything made with triticale flour.

Processed Foods

  • Be careful with things like
  • Soups
  • Sauces
  • processed meats
  • As they might have hidden gluten.

Baked Goods

  • Pastries
  • Cakes
  • Cookies
  • Baked treats made with wheat
  • Barley

Breakfast Stuff

  • Cereals
  • granola bars
  • Breakfast foods that contain wheat, barley, or rye.

Pasta and Noodles

Regular pasta and noodles made from wheat.

Beer and Ale

Most beers and ales contain barley or wheat, so they’re off – limits.

Breading and Coating Mixes

Breadcrumbs and coatings made from wheat flour.

Flavored Foods

Be cautious with flavored chips, snacks, and seasoned rice or potato Products, as they might have gluten in the seasoning.

Desserts and Sweets

  • Pies
  • pastries
  • Cakes
  • candies made with gluten – containing flours.

Dairy Products

Watch out for dairy products with added flavors, thickeners, or stabilizers made from gluten grains.


Talk with the Doctor

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and family history.

Blood Tests

You’ll have a blood test to check for certain antibodies that show if you might have celiac disease. This test looks for things like tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies and immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies.

Genetic Testing

If the blood tests suggest celiac disease, your doctor might do a genetic

Test to check for specific genes linked to the condition.

Not everyone with these genes has celiac disease, but it can help confirm the diagnosis.

Small Intestine Biopsy

If the blood and genetic tests point to celiac disease, your doctor may do

a small intestine biopsy. During this test, they take tiny samples from your small intestine lining to check for damage. This is usually done using

a thin tube with a camera at the end (endoscope) while you’re under sedation.

Try a Gluten – Free Diet

Sometimes, if it’s not clear from the tests, your doctor might suggest trying a gluten–free diet to see if your symptoms improve. But it’s important to talk to your doctor before making any big changes to your diet.

More Tests if Needed

Depending on your symptoms and test results, your doctor might do more tests to check your overall health and rule out other conditions.

Celiac disease treatment?


  1. The main treatment for celiac disease is to stop eating foods that have gluten.
  2. This means avoiding things like bread, pasta, and some processed Foods.
  1. Instead, focus on eating fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, and foods made from gluten – free grains like rice and corn.


  1. There aren’t specific medicines to cure celiac disease, but some may help manage symptoms or problems caused by the condition.
  2. Digestive enzymes can help with digesting gluten, but they shouldn’t replace a gluten – free diet.
  3. Pain relievers like ibuprofen can help with inflammation and pain, but they should be used carefully.
  4. In severe cases, doctors might prescribe steroids to reduce inflammation or supplements to replace nutrients like calcium, vitamin D, and iron.

Follow – up Care

  1. It’s important to see a doctor regularly, especially a specialist called a gastroenterologist, to check how you’re doing and make sure you’re staying healthy.
  2. They might recommend more tests or changes to your treatment plan.

Lifestyle Changes

  1. Besides treatment and medication, it’s helpful to make healthy lifestyles choices.
  2. This includes things like getting regular exercise, managing stress, and getting enough sleep.


Detect Early

Find out about celiac disease early by talking to a doctor if you have symptoms or if it runs in your family.

Eat Gluten - Free

Avoid foods with gluten, like bread, pasta, and some processed foods. Stick to fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, and gluten – free grains like rice and corn.

Regular Check - ups

See your doctor regularly, especially if you have celiac disease. They can keep an eye on your health and make sure you’re doing well.

Learn and Share

  1. Learn about celiac disease and share what you know with others.
  2. Understanding the condition can help you manage it better, and talking to friends and family can get you the support you need.

Join Support Groups

Join groups or find resources online where you can connect with others Who have celiac disease. You can get tips, advice, and encouragement from people who understand what you’re going through.

Stay healthy

Make healthy choices in your life, like exercising regularly, managing stress, and getting enough sleep. These things can help you feel better overall and might make managing celiac disease easier.


Can you live a long life with celiac disease?

Yes, if you follow a strict gluten–free diet and see your doctor regularly, You can live a long and healthy life with celiac disease, just like people without. It. It’s important to catch it early, stick to your diet, and get checked by your doctor to stay healthy.

How serious is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is a serious condition where eating gluten harms the small

Intestine, causing problems. Following a strict gluten – free diet helps manage it and prevents other health issues.

How do you develop celiac disease?

Celiac disease happens when people who are prone to it eat foods with gluten. This triggers their immune system and hurts the lining of their small intestine, causing problems, it’s not clear why some people get it, but genes and the environment both play a part.

Can celiac come on suddenly?

Yes, Celiac disease can start suddenly, with symptoms showing up quickly. But for some people, it might take time for symptoms to appear. Things like genes and other health issues can affect when symptoms show up.

Does rice contain gluten?

No, rice doesn’t have gluten. It’s safe for people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity to eat rice because it’s naturally gluten – free.

What organ does celiac disease affect?

  1. Celiac disease mainly affects the small intestine. It harms the lining of the intestine and makes it hard for the body.
  2. Celiac disease mainly affects the small intestine. It harms the lining of
  3. the intestine and makes it hard for the body to absorb nutrients from food.

Where is celiac pain located?

Celiac pain usually feels like a stomach ache and is found in the Belly area. It can be low down or in the middle. Sometimes it comes with bloating or cramps.

How can I test for celiac disease at home?

You can’t check for celiac disease at home. You need to see a doctor for tests like blood tests and possibly a small intestine biopsy to find out if you have it.

Can stress cause celiac disease?

No, stress doesn’t make you get celiac disease. But if you already have it, Stress can make your symptoms worse sometimes.

Do potatoes have gluten?

No, potatoes do not contain gluten. They are naturally gluten–free and Can be safely consumed by individuals with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.

Do oats have gluten?

Most oats don’t have gluten naturally, but they can pick up gluten during Processing. If you have celiac disease or are sensitive to gluten, it’s safer to choose oats labeled as gluten–free to avoid any possible contamination.

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