Malaria symptoms

Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention 2024

Malaria is a sickness that is passed to the people by mosquitoes that have germs, it can make your blood. Liver, and spleen sickness. We have to find a proper solution otherwise it will wipe out all humanity, and try to look at some other researched articles on link 1

Table of Contents

Malaria Symptoms:

Symptoms of malaria

If you get infected by malaria than there are different malaria symptoms you might feel but depends on plasmodium parasite which making you sick, here are some common symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills and Sweats
  • Headache
  • Muscle Aches and Joint Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Neurological Symptoms
  • Respiratory Distress

Causes of Malaria:

As we know it caused by a parasite called plasmodium, these parasites are group of living things called protozoa and in most of the cases people gets malaria after getting bite from females mosquitoes specifically a kind called Anopheles that carries the malaria parasite below here are the details how it affect a person:

  • Plasmodium Parasite
  • Mosquito Transmission
  • Development in the Mosquito
  • Human Infection
  • Liver Infection
  • Red Blood Cell Infection
  • Anemia and Organ Damage 

How is Malaria Diagnosed?

Keep in mind it’s very important to figure out if someone has malaria symptoms in order to avoid serious health problems. There are different ways to diagnose but it always depends on the resources available at the situation.

  • Microscopy of Blood Smear
  • Rapid Diagnostic Tests(RDTs)
  • Molecular Testing(PCR)
  • Clinical Diagnosis

Vaccine for Malaria?

Vaccine for Malaria
  • S (Mosquirix)
  • Pre – erythrocytic vaccines (PEVs)
  • Whole sporozoite vaccine (WSV)
  • Circumsporozoite protein submit vaccines
  • Pre – erythrocytic vaccines
  • Vital – vectored vaccines
  • Erythrocytic vaccines
  • Transmission blocking vaccines
  • Plasmodium vivax vaccines

Will Malaria Still Affect in 2024?

Malaria will become a global health issue, however its effects in 2024 will depend on different factors. Including the amount of effort we will put to prevent it, then treatments, and how we control it. Scientists are working day and night to eliminate this dangerous disease from the world, that is why we should support them with our funds and measure the health problems around every area.

 

Affecting Factors & Challenges of Malaria in 2024:

Vector Resistance:

If malaria mosquitoes get immune to the bug's killer spray then it will be hard to control them, so we should prepare a backup plan to prevent it.

Climate Change:

Changing weather patterns can affect where and how they carry their eggs live. And if they start to grow without water then it can increase their population and it is very dangerous for us humans and animals as well.

Drug Resistance:

The rise of drug resistance forms of malaria parasites can be a big problem and might reduce the effect of treatment. So we should prepare better medicine for the future.

Access to Healthcare:

Getting good health care services, tests, and best malaria treatments are very important for handling it. So what if this problem increases in future and we’re not prepared for it due to lack of services and resources then I will be a big problem.

Political and Financial Commitment:

How much international organizations and governments engage and invest in controlling and getting rid from malaria will greatly affect how we will progress in the future against malaria.

Research and Innovation:

If we want to prevent and get completely rid from malaria then we have to conduct new research and invent new tools or methods to fight against malaria.

Prevention of Malaria:

Use Bed Nets:

There are many ways to prevent malaria and one of the best ways is to not get in contact with malaria mosquitoes by sleeping under a special net bed because it is designed to keep out small insects like malaria.

Spray Inside Your Home:

You can use insect killing spray on windows and ceiling also on the places where no one visits like store rooms and backside of the doors.

Wear Long Clothes:

These dangerous parasites are active at sunrise and after sunset so during this time you should wear full sleeve shirts and pants to cover their body properly. It can help to prevent getting malaria.

Use Bug Spray:

Put bug repellent on your skin and clothes to keep mosquitoes away.

Try To Take Medicines When Traveling:

It is always better if you take medicine with you when you go for a road trip because there can be a lot of mosquitoes and we do not know if things can be dangerous or not.

Get the Malaria Vaccine:

Although the the proper malaria vaccine is still on research but in some areas there are vaccine that help you to immune malaria issues so you should get one after getting approval from your doctor on your health statement Although the the proper malaria vaccine is still on research but in some areas there are vaccine that help you to immune malaria issues to you should get one after getting approval from your doctor on you health statement

Keep Mosquitoes from Breeding:

We should get rid from the places where baby mosquitoes can grow like standing water places and always use insects killing chemical when you clean your house

Learn About Malaria:

We should understand the basic signs of malaria like fever and stomach problems so we can treat malaria from its initial state.

Work Together:

It is very important for people to work together in order to stop spreading malaria and prevent it until we get rid of it by doing seminars and telling people how they can be a part to prevent malaria during their daily life work.

FAQ

What's the new diagnosis for malaria?

The latest diagnosis method for malaria involves using Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs). These tests can quickly detect specific antigens of the malaria-causing parasite (Plasmodium) in a small blood sample taken from a finger prick. The results are available within minutes and show sensitivity comparable to traditional microscopy. Rapid Diagnostic Tests have added a new aspect to the process of diagnosing and treating malaria.

 

How’s malaria diagnosed in CBC?

Malaria diagnosis through a Complete Blood Count (CBC) involves checking for anemia or signs of other potential infections. In cases of malaria, the parasites can damage red blood cells, leading to the development of anemia. However, it’s important to note that while a CBC can provide information on the presence of anemia, specific tests, such as detecting parasite nucleic acids, are necessary for confirming the diagnosis of malaria and identifying the species of the malaria parasite.

 

How is malaria diagnosed by blood?

Malaria can be diagnosed by using a Rapid Diagnosis Test (RDT) that involves taking a small drop of blood from a finger. This blood sample is then placed on a test strip. A few drops of a solution are added to the strip, and after a few minutes, a red line appears on it. If two red lines appear, the test is considered positive for falciparum malaria, indicating the presence of the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

 

What are the best treatments for malaria?

The preferred antimalarial treatment for malaria is artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem®) due to its rapid onset of action. Other oral options include atovaquone-proguanil (Milacron™), quinine, and mefloquine. It’s important to note that intravenous (IV) or oral clindamycin and tetracyclines, such as doxycycline, are not considered sufficient for interim treatment of malaria. The choice of antimalarial medication may depend on factors such as the type of malaria, the severity of the infection, and the individual’s health condition, so it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized treatment recommendations.

What is the WBC count for malaria?

In the estimation of blood stage malaria parasite densities by microscopy, a common assumption is to use a constant White Blood Cell (WBC) count of 8000 cells per microliter (µl) in peripheral blood. This assumption helps standardize the calculation and reporting of malaria parasite densities in relation to the number of white blood cells observed in the blood smear under the microscope.

Is there a vaccine for malaria?

Yes, there are malaria vaccines, and one of them is the R21 vaccine. This vaccine, along with the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine, has received a recommendation from the World Health Organization (WHO). Both vaccines have demonstrated safety and efficacy in preventing malaria, particularly in children. When implemented on a larger scale, these vaccines are expected to have a significant positive impact on public health by reducing the incidence of malaria.

 

Which fruit is good for avoiding malaria or after?

Fresh fruits and vegetables, particularly those rich in vitamin A and vitamin C, are beneficial for individuals with malaria. Foods like beetroot, carrot, papaya, sweet lime, grapes, berries, lemon, and orange are known to help detoxify the body and boost the immune system of patients suffering from malaria, according to studies. Including these fruits and vegetables in the diet can contribute to overall health and support the recovery process.

 

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