abortion pill

What Is Abortion Pill: Types, Side Effects And When To See Doctor

Table of Contents

What is abortion pill?

The abortion pill is a way to end a pregnancy early. It’s made up of two drugs: mifepristone and misoprostol. Mifepristone stops a hormone called progesterone, which is needed for pregnancy, and makes the lining of the uterus break down. Then, misoprostol makes the uterus contract and pushes out the pregnancy tissue. It’s a good option for ending a pregnancy without surgery, especially in the first 10 weeks. Most people can use it safely, but some might have cramps, nausea, or heavy bleeding. Getting the abortion pill depends on the rules where you live.

What is the difference between medication abortion and abortion pills?

Medication Abortion

Medication abortion means using drugs to end a pregnancy. It involves taking two medications: mifepristone and misoprostol. Mifepristone blocks a hormone needed for pregnancy, and misoprostol helps push out the pregnancy tissue. This method is safe and works well, especially in the early stages of pregnancy.

Abortion Pill

The term ‘’abortion pill’’ is often used to talk about medication abortion. But it can also mean other medications used to end a pregnancy, like just mifepristone or just misoprostol. So, while medication abortion is a specific way to end a pregnancy with drugs, the term ‘’abortion pill’’ is more general and can mean different things.

Who should not get a medical abortion?

Individuals with Certain Medical Conditions

  1. Some people with severe asthma, bleeding disorders, or heart and liver problems may not be able to use medical abortion safely.
  2. Having certain medical conditions can make it risky to take the medicines used in medical abortion.
  3. It’s important to talk to a doctor before choosing medical abortion if you have any health issues.

Individuals with Ectopic Pregnancy

  1. If you have an ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus), medical abortion won’t work.
  2. Trying medical abortion for an ectopic pregnancy can be harmful and isn’t a good idea.
  3. If you have severe belly pain or unusual bleeding, it’s essential to see a doctor right away, as these might be signs of an ectopic pregnancy.

Individuals Unable to Access Follow – Up Care

  1. After a medical abortion, it’s necessary to have follow – up care to make
  2. Sure everything went well.
  3. If you can’t easily get to a doctor or live far from medical help, medical abortion might not be the best choice for you.
  4. Before deciding on medical abortion, it’s important to think about whether you’ll be able to get the medical care you need afterward.

Individuals with Allergies or Sensitivities to Medications

  1. Some people might be allergic or sensitive to the medicine used in medical abortion, like mifepristone or misoprostol.
  2. It’s crucial to tell your doctor about any allergies or sensitivities you have before starting medical abortion.
  3. Not mentioning allergies or sensitivities could lead to problems during the abortion process.

How soon after a medical abortion can you have sex?

Healing Time

  1. After having the abortion pills, your body needs time to get better.
  2. It takes about a week for your body to heal completely.
  3. Resting and taking care of yourself helps you feel better and stops any problems.

Follow – Up Care

  1. If you have an ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus), medical abortion won’t work.
  2. Trying medical abortion for an ectopic pregnancy can be harmful and isn’t a good idea.
  3. If you have severe belly pain or unusual bleeding, it’s essential to see a doctor right away, as these might be signs of an ectopic pregnancy.

Doctor’s Recommendation

  1. The doctor usually says to wait for one or two weeks before having sex again after the abortion.
  2. Waiting helps your body heal and makes sure you don’t get an infection.
  3. It’s important to listen to what the doctor says and wait until they say it’s okay to have sex.

Use of Contraception

  1. After the abortion, it’s important to use birth control to stop you from getting pregnant again.
  2. Even though it might be harder to get pregnant right after the abortion.
  3. you can still get pregnant quickly.
  4. Using birth control helps you avoid getting pregnant when you don’t want to.

Types of abortion pills?

Mifepristone (RU – 486)

  1. Mifepristone is the first pill you take in the abortion pill plan.
  2. It stops a hormone called progesterone, which makes the uterus lining break down.
  3. Some side effects may include strong cramps, feeling sick, throwing up, having diarrhea, and heavy bleeding.


  1. Misoprostol is usually taken by mouth or put in the vagina 24 to 48 hours after taking mifepristone.
  2. It makes the uterus squeeze, pushing out the pregnancy tissue.
  3. Some side effects may include strong cramps, diarrhea, and feeling sick.
  4. Throwing up, and heavy bleeding.

Side Effects

  1. Both mifepristone and misoprostol can cause common side effects like strong cramps and heavy bleeding that last a few days.
  2. You might also feel sick, throw up, have diarrhea, or feel discomfort in your belly.
  3. In rare cases, you might have an allergic reaction to the pills, which can make it hard to breathe, swell your face or throat, or cause a rash. If this happens, you should see a doctor right away.

In which states it is illegal to buy abortion pills?

In some places, buying abortion pills might not be allowed by the law. In the United States, you can usually get abortion pills if you have a prescription from a doctor. However, some states have rules that make it harder to get these pills. For example, you might need to go to a doctor’s office in person, wait for a certain amount of time, or have limits on how you can get the pills (like not being able to get them through the mail). Other countries might have even stricter rules about getting abortion pills. It’s important to check with local doctors or legal experts to understand the rules in your area.

In which condition abortion pills are necessary?

Unexpected Pregnancy

If someone gets pregnant  unexpectedly and doesn’t want to continue the pregnancy, abortion pills give them a safe way to end it.

Health Issues

Sometimes, a pregnancy can be risky for someone’s health, especially if they have certain medical problems. In these cases, abortion pills can help protect their health.

Problems with the Baby

If doctors find out that the baby has health issues or birth defects that would make life hard for them, someone might choose to use abortion pills to end the pregnancy.

Personal Choice

Sometimes, people just aren’t ready to have a baby, or they don’t have the support or resources they need to raise a child. In these cases, abortion pills can give them the option to end the pregnancy.

Why do people choose the abortion pill?

Privacy and Convenience

  • The abortion pill lets you end a pregnancy at home, keeping it private.
  • Some people like that they can handle their abortion without going to a clinic.

Non – Surgical Option

  • The abortion pill doesn’t involve surgery, which some people prefer.
  • Taking pills at home might feel easier than having surgery at a hospital.

Early Pregnancy Termination

  • The abortion pill works best in the early stages of pregnancy, so you can end it quickly.
  • It helps you deal with the pregnancy before it becomes harder to manage.

Control over Reproductive Health

  • Choosing the abortion pill means you get to decode what happens with your body.
  • It lets you take charge of your own health and make decisions that fit your life.

Medical Reasons

  • Sometimes, continuing a pregnancy can be bad for your health, so the abortion pill helps keep you safe.
  • If there are health problems that make having a baby risky, the abortion pill is a good option.

Access and Affordability

  • The abortion pill is easier to get and cheaper than surgery for some people.
  • It helps people who can’t easily visit a clinic or afford expensive medical procedures.

When can I take the abortion pill?

You can take the abortion pill if you’re in the early part of your pregnancy, usually within the first 10 weeks since your last period. It’s important to take the pill as soon as you can after finding out you’re pregnant and talking to a doctor. The pill works best when the pregnancy is still in its early stages. It’s important to follow the instructions given by your doctor and take the medicine exactly as they say. If you’re not sure if the abortion pill is right for you, or if you have any questions, it’s a good idea to talk to a doctor who can help you decide.

Advantages and disadvantages of medication abortion?


Non – invasive Procedure

  • Medication abortion means taking pills, which is easier for many people than surgery.
  • It doesn’t need any surgery tools or medicine that makes you sleep, so it’s not as scary.

Privacy and Convenience

  • You can take the abortion pills at home, which is more private and convenient.
  • You don’t have to go to the clinic multiple times, so it’s easier to mange.


Incomplete Abortion

  • Sometimes, the pills might not work completely, so you might need more treatment.
  • This can be stressful if you were hoping the pills would work by themselves.

Side Effects

  • The pills can cause cramps, feeling sick, throwing up, and heavy bleeding, which can be uncomfortable.
  • These side effects are usually temporary, but they can make you feel unwell for a few days.

Emotional Impact

  • Some people feel sad, guilty, or regretful after having an abortion.
  •  It’s important to have support from friends, family, or counselors if you’re feeling this way.

Limited Gestational Age

  • The pills work best in the early stages of pregnancy, so they might not work as well if you’re further along.
  • This means you might need a different treatment if you’re too far into the pregnancy.

Lack of Immediate Medical Support

  • If you have problems after taking the pills at home, you might not have a doctor nearby to help you right away.
  • It’s important to know who to call for help if you need it.

Medication abortion side effects and possible risks?

Side Effects

  1. Cramps: You might feel cramps in your belly, like during your period.
  2. Bleeding: You could have heavy bleeding, similar to a heavy period.
  3. Feeling Sick: Some people feel nauseous or might throw up.
  4. Diarrhea: You might have diarrhea, but it’s not very common.
  5. Fatigue: Feeling tired or worn out is also possible after taking the pills.

Possible Risks

  1. Incomplete Abortion: Sometimes, the pills might not fully end the pregnancy, needing more treatment.
  2. Infection: There’s a small chance of getting an infection after taking the pills.
  3. Heavy Bleeding: Although bleeding is normal, it might be heavy in some cases and need medical attention.
  4. Allergic Reaction: Rarely, some people might have an allergic reaction to the pills and need urgent medical help.
  5. Emotional Distress: Having an abortion can be hard emotionally, and some people might feel sad, guilty, or regretful afterward.

When to see a doctor after taking abortion pills?

  1. Heavy Bleeding: If you’re bleeding a lot, soaking through more than two pads in an hour for two hours straight, or passing big blood clots, see a doctor.
  2. Severe Pain: If you have really bad stomach pain or cramps that don’t get better with pain medicine, it’s time to see a doctor.
  3. Fever: if you have a fever of 100.40F (380C) or higher, it could mean you have an infection and need medical help.
  4. Feeling Sick: If you still feel sick, weak, dizzy, or like you might pass out, see a doctor.
  5. Incomplete Abortion: If you think the abortion didn’t work, or you’re still having pregnancy symptoms, talk to a doctor.
  6. Questions or Worries: If you have any concerns or questions about your abortion or how you’re feeling, don’t hesitate to call your doctor for advice.


Do I need to see a doctor before taking abortion pills?

Sure! Before you take abortion pills, it’s a good idea to see a doctor. They’ll check if you’re pregnant, make sure you’re healthy, and explain how the pills work.

How early in the pregnancy can you have a medication abortion?

You can take abortion pills early in pregnancy, usually up to 10 weeks from your last period. It works best during this time.

How long does a medical abortion take?

A medical abortion usually takes a few days. You take one pill, then wait 24 to 48 hours before taking another set of pills. The abortion happens a few hours to a few days after taking the second set, but it can be different for each person.

Does medical abortion pain feel like labor pain?

No, the pain for a medical abortion is usually not as strong as labor pain. You might feel cramps and discomfort, but it’s usually not as bad as giving birth. However, everyone’s experience is different.

How long does it take to recover from a medical abortion?

For everyone. Usually, it takes a few days to a week for your body to recover. During this time, you might have to wait a week for your body to recover. During this time, you might have cramps, bleeding, and other symptoms. Feeling emotionally better might take longer, and it’s okay to ask for help if you need it.

When can you get pregnant again after a medical abortion?

You can get pregnant again after a medical abortion once your body starts ovulating again, which usually takes a few weeks. It’s a good idea to wait until after you’ve had a period before trying to get pregnant again, to make sure your body has fully recovered. If you’re not ready to get pregnant again yet, it’s important to use contraception.

Where I can get more knowledge about abortion pills?

You can also visit Wikipedia if you want to read more about abortion pills.

If I'm from United Arab Emirates then where I can buy abortion pills in Dubai?

Buy Abortion Pills in Dubai from Pregnancy Advice UAE.

Post a Comment