Common cold

What is Common Cold? Symptoms, Causes, Stages, And Preventions

According to National Library of Medicine when a tiny germ called rhinovirus enters your throat and nose then it become the cause of common cold illness and it is easily spreads from the people who are already sick. When you have cold, you may sneeze, cough, and your nose might feel stuffy or runny. Your throat might be a little sore, and you might have a mild headache. You can catch it by breathing in germs from the air or touching surfaces with germs and then touching your face.

Table of Contents

symptoms of Common cold?


When you sneeze, it’s like a sudden burst of air coming out of your nose.


Coughing is when you make a sound like “ahem.” It can be a dry cough or make some mucus.

Runny or Stuffy Nose:

Your nose might have liquid coming out (runny) or feel blocked (stuffy).

Sore Throat:

  • Your throat might hurt or feel scratchy.
  • Mild Headache: Your head might hurt a little bit.


Feeling tired and not having much energy.

Watery Eyes:

Your eyes might have too many tears or feel like they’re watering a lot.

causes of Common cold?

Viruses Cause It:

The common cold happens because of tiny germs called viruses, with rhinoviruses being the most common ones.

From Person to Person:

You can get a cold by being close to someone who has it, like when you touch them or share things.

Breathing in Germs:

When someone with a cold coughs or sneezes, the germs can be in the air, and you might breathe them in.

Touching Things:

If you touch things like doorknobs or toys that have cold germs on them and then touch your face, you might get sick.

People Can Spread It Before Feeling Sick:

Sometimes, people can give you a cold even before they show any signs of being sick.

Weak Immune System:

If your body’s germ-fighting system is not very strong, you might be more likely to catch a cold.

Lots of People Together:

Being in crowded places where many people are close together, like schools or buses, can make it easier to get a cold.

Cold Weather:

Colds are more common in colder times, maybe because the air is drier, and people spend more time inside.

Kids Can Get It Easily:

Children can catch colds more easily because their bodies are still growing and learning to fight germs.

Not Immune Before:

If you haven’t been around a certain cold germ before, your body may not know how to fight it, so you could get sick when you encounter it for the first time.

what should we do during Common cold?

  • Rest
  • Drink Water
  • Use Nose Drops
  • Gargle with Salt Water
  • Use a Humidifier
  • Take Medicine if Needed
  • Suck on Throat Lozenges
  • Eat Healthy Foods
  • Wash Your Hands
  • Stay Away from Others

Stages of Common Cold?

Stage 1: day 0

You get close to someone with a cold, or you touch something that has the cold germs.

Stage 2: Day 1-2

The germs are inside you, multiplying. You may not feel sick yet, but the germs are getting ready.

Stage 3: Day 2-3

You start feeling the cold. Your throat might hurt, and you may sneeze or have a runny nose.

Stage 4: Day 4-5

The cold is at its strongest. You might have a really stuffy nose, cough a lot, and feel pretty uncomfortable.

Stage 5: Day 6-10

Your body fights the germs, and you start feeling better. It can take a few more days before you’re back to normal.

How to cure at home?

Treatment and Preventions?



Take it easy and get lots of sleep. Rest helps your body get better.

Drink Water:

 Drink water, tea, or soup. It keeps you from getting too thirsty and helps your throat.

Use Nose Drops:

If your nose is stuffy, use drops to help it feel better.

Gargle with Salt Water:

Gargle with salty water to make your throat feel better.

Use a Humidifier:

Use a machine that adds moisture to the air in your room. It can make you feel better if the air is dry.

Take Medicine:

If you need it, take medicine you can buy at the store. Ask a grown-up for help and follow the directions.

Use Throat Lozenges:

Suck on or spray things that can make your throat feel better.

Eat Good Foods:

 Eat fruits, veggies, and good foods to help your body stay strong.


Wash Your Hands:

Wash your hands a lot with soap and water. Scrub for 20 seconds.

Cover Your Mouth:

 If you cough or sneeze, use a tissue or your elbow to cover your mouth and nose.

Don't Touch Your Face:

Try not to touch your eyes, nose, or mouth to keep germs away.

Stay Away from Sick People:

If someone is sick, stay away a bit to avoid getting sick too.

Clean Your Home:

Clean things you touch a lot, like doorknobs, to stop germs.

Stay Healthy:

Exercise, eat good food, and get enough sleep to keep your body strong.

Get a Flu Shot:

Ask your doctor about a shot to prevent the flu, which has similar symptoms.


Is common cold really dangerous?

Most of the time, the common cold is not a serious sickness. It’s a mild illness caused by a virus, and for healthy people, it usually goes away on its own in about a week or two. The symptoms, like a runny nose or cough, are usually not too bad, and you can feel better with rest and maybe some medicine from the store.

Is common cold a fever?

Having a common cold doesn’t always mean having a fever. While some people with a cold might get a little warmer, it’s not something that happens to everyone.

Are colds viral or bacterial?

Colds are caused by tiny things called viruses, not bacteria. These viruses, like rhinoviruses, make you feel sick by infecting the cells in your nose and throat. The symptoms include a runny or stuffy nose, cough, and a sore throat.

What is the duration of a cold?

A common cold usually lasts about 7 to 10 days. Some people start feeling better after a few days, while others might take a bit longer, up to two weeks or so. It depends on things like the specific virus causing the cold and how strong your body is in fighting it.

Why are colds worse at night?

Colds might feel worse at night because when you lie down to sleep, the stuffy feeling in your nose and throat can get more noticeable. Also, the air in your home might be drier at night, making your throat feel scratchy. When you’re tired and trying to sleep, you might feel your cold symptoms more.

What is another name for common cold?

Another name for the common cold is just “cold.” Sometimes people might call it an “upper respiratory infection” or say it’s a “viral rhinitis” or “acute viral nasopharyngitis,” but those are more technical names. Basically, it’s when you have a runny or stuffy nose, cough, and throat irritation because of a virus.

Which medicine is best for cold and fever?

For Fever and Pain:

Medicines to Use:

ylenol (acetaminophen) or Advil/Motrin (ibuprofen).

How They Help:

These medicines can make you feel better if you have a fever or your body hurts.

For Stuffy Nose:

Medicines to Use:

Medicines with pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine.

How They Help:

These medicines can help you breathe better by reducing stuffiness in your nose.

For Cough:

Medicines to Use:

 Medicines with dextromethorphan.

How They Help:

These medicines can calm down coughing.

For Mucus (Phlegm):

Medicines to Use:

Medicines with guaifenesin.

How They Help:

These medicines can help thin and loosen mucus, so it’s easier to cough out.

For Allergy Symptoms:

Medicines to Use:

Medicines with diphenhydramine, loratadine, or cetirizine.

How They Help:

These medicines can help with sneezing, runny nose, and itchy or watery eyes.

Which Are The Best Antibiotic For Cold?

You don’t usually get antibiotics for a cold because colds are caused by viruses, and antibiotics work against bacteria, not viruses. But if a bacterial infection happens because of a cold, the doctor might give you antibiotics. Here are some names of antibiotics:

  • Amoxicillin
  • Azithromycin
  • Cephalexin
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)
  • Clarithromycin

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