Cough Treatments

What is Cough: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Coughing is when your body tries to clear your throat and airways. It’s like a reflex to get rid of stuff that shouldn’t be there, like mucus or terms. It’s your body’s way of protecting your breathing system by pushing out anything bad. You might cough when you have a cold or allergies, or if you have asthma or infections always keep in mind to not ignore and do cough treatments on time. For more research, you can also visit Wikipedia.

Why it Happens

  • When you have a cold or the flu.
  • If you have infections like bronchitis or pneumonia.
  • Because of allergies to things like dust or pollen.
  • If you have asthma or COPD.
  • Sometimes because of things in the air like smoke or pollution.

Table of Contents

Types of cough?

1. Dry Cough (Non – Productive Cough)

Dry Cough

A dry cough is when you keep coughing but nothing comes up from your throat. It’s like your throat is tickling and making you cough, but there’s no mucus or phlegm.


  • Your throat feels scratchy, and you keep coughing.
  • Sometimes it gets worse at night and makes it hard to sleep.
  • Your throat might feel a bit sore from all the coughing.
  • You don’t cough up any mucus; it’s just dry coughing.
  • Your voice might sound different because your throat is irritated.



Things that Irritate

Breathing in stuff like smoke, dust or pollution can make your throat feel itchy and cause you to cough.

Colds and Flu

When you’re sick with a cold or the flu, your throat can get scratchy, and you might cough a lot.


Some people cough because they’re allergic to things like pollen, pet fur, or mold.

Dry Air

In winter, heaters can make the air dry, which can make your throat feel scratchy and lead to coughing.


Certain medicines can sometimes make you cough.


  1. Drink lots of water or warm drinks to soothe your throat.
  2. Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air and stop your throat from feeling dry.
  3. You can get cough medicine from the store to help you cough less.
  4. Suck on throat lozenges or use throat sprays to calm your throat.
  5. Try to stay away from things that make you cough, like smoke or Dust.
  6. If your cough doesn’t go away or you feel really sick, it’s a good idea
  7. to see a doctor. They can help you figure out what’s going on and give you the right treatment.

2. Wet Cough (Productive Cough)

Wet Cough

A wet cough, also known as a productive cough, is when you cough up Mucus or phlegm from your throat or lungs. It’s called ‘’wet’’ because there’s stuff coming out when you cough.


  • You cough and bring up mucus or phlegm.
  • The mucus might be different colors like clear, white, yellow, or green.
  • Your throat might feel sore from all the coughing.


Clearing Out

Your body makes mucus to trap germs and dirt in your

Throat. When you cough, you’re getting rid of this mucus.


When you’re sick with a cold, flu, or other infections, your body makes extra mucus to fight off the germs.


Smoking can make your lungs produce more mucus, leading to a wet cough.


  1. Drinking lots of water helps thin out the mucus and makes it easier to cough up.
  2.  Adding moisture to the air with a humidifier can help soothe your throat and make it easier to breathe.
  3. Over – the – counter cough medicines can help loosen the mucus and calm your cough. But make sure to follow the instructions.
  4. Breathing in steam from a hot shower or bowl of hot Water can help loosen the
  5. Breathing in steam from a hot shower or bowl of hot water can help loosen the mucus and make it easier to cough up.
  6. Resting can help your body fight off infections and make you feel better faster.
  7. Stay away from smoke, dust, or anything else that makes your cough worse.

When to See a Doctor

  • If your cough doesn’t go away after a few weeks.
  • If you’re coughing up blood or having trouble breathing.
  • If you have other health problems like asthma or heart disease.

3. Chronic Cough

Chronic Cough

A chronic cough is when you keep coughing for a long time, more than Eight weeks. It’s not like a regular cough that goes away after a short time.


  • You cough all the time, and it doesn’t stop.
  • Your throat might feel sore or scratchy.
  • You might feel tired because of all the coughing.


Underlying Conditions

Chronic coughs can be caused by health issues like asthma, allergies, acid reflux, or chronic bronchitis.


Sometimes, things like smoke, dust, or pollution can make your throat irritated and cause you to cough a lot.


Some medicines, like those for high blood pressure, can also make you cough.


  1. If your cough is because of asthma, allergies, or acid reflux, treating those problems can help.
  2. Your doctor might give you medicines to help calm down your cough, like inhalers for asthma or antihistamines for allergies.
  3. Stay away from things that make your cough worse, like smoke, dust, or certain foods.
  4. Adding moisture to the air with a humidifier can soothe your throat.
  5. Drinking plenty of water can help keep your throat moist and reduce irritation.

When to See a Doctor

  • If your cough lasts for more than eight weeks.
  • If your cough is really bad or gets worse.
  • If you have other symptoms like fever, chest pain, or trouble breathing.

4. Barking Cough (Croup)

Barking Cough

A barking cough, also known as croup, is a distinctive cough that sounds like a barking seal or a dog. It’s called ‘’barking’’ because of the sound it makes.


  • Barking cough that gets worse at night.
  • Noisy breathing or stridor, especially when breathing in.
  • Fever, runny nose, and congestion may accompany the cough.
  • Rapid breathing or retractions (pulling in of the chest muscles) may indicate difficulty breathing.


Viral Infection

Croup is usually caused by a viral infection, most commonly the parainfluenza virus.

Narrowing Airway

The infection causes swelling and narrowing of the upper airway, especially the voice box (larynx) and windpipe (trachea).

Common in Children

Croup is more common in young children, typically between 6 months and 3 years old, because their airways are smaller and more prone to swelling.

Cough Treatments

  1.  Use a cool mist humidifier in your child’s room to add moisture to the air and ease breathing.
  2. Take your child into a steamy bathroom or run a hot shower to create steam, which can help open up their airways.
  3. Comfort and reassure your child, as crying or agitation can make the cough worse.
  4. Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids and get
  5. Plenty of rest to help their body fight off the infection.
  6. If your child has difficulty breathing, persistent stridor, or signs of dehydration, seek medical attention immediately.

When to See a Doctor

  • If your child has difficulty breathing or stridor that doesn’t improve with home remedies.
  • If your child’s cough is severe or lasts longer than a few days
  • If your child has a high fever or seems very sick.

5. Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

Whooping Cough

Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a very contagious bacterial infection that affects the breathing system, especially the airways


  1. It might seem like a normal cold with a runny nose, sneezing, a mild cough, and a slight fever.
  2. After about 1-2 weeks, the coughing gets really bad, with fits that make it hard to breathe.
  3. The coughing can be so strong that it makes people throw up or choke.
  4. Babies might not make the ‘’whooping’’ sound but could have times when they stop breathing or turn blue because they’re not getting enough oxygen.



It’s caused by bacteria called Bordetella pertussis, which spreads when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes.

Not Vaccinated

 People who haven’t got the whooping cough vaccine or haven’t finished all doses of it are more likely to get sick.

Cough Treatments

  1. Medicine like antibiotics can help make the symptoms less severe and stop the infection from spreading.
  2. Getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help people feel better and get over the illness faster.
  3. People with whooping cough should stay home until they ‘ve taken antibiotics for at least five days to avoid spreading it to others.

When to See a Doctor

  1. If you think you or your child might have a whooping cough, it’s important to see a doctor to get the right treatment.
  2. If there are signs like trouble breathing, throwing up after coughing, or feeling very tired, it’s best to see a doctor.
  3. Vaccines are the best way to stop whooping cough. Make sure you and your family are up – to date on vaccines, especially kids who need the DTaP vaccine and adults who need the Tdap vaccine.

6. Psychogenic Cough (Habit Cough)

Habit Cough

Psychogenic cough, also called habit cough, is when someone coughs a lot because of feelings or habits, not because they’re sick.


  • The coughing can last for weeks or months.
  • Besides the cough, there might not be anything else wrong.


Stress or Anxiety

Sometimes, feeling stressed or anxious can make someone start coughing, even if they’re not sick.

Learned Behavior

After having a cough for a different reason, like a cold, some people keep coughing out of habit, even when they’re not sick anymore.

Seeking Attention

Especially in kids, coughing might be a way to get attention or avoid things they don’t want to do.

Cough Treatments

  1. Talking to a counselor or therapist can help figure out why the coughing is happening and learn ways to manage it.
  2. Learning new habits or ways to cope with stress can help stop the coughing.
  3. Doing things like deep breathing or meditation can help reduce stress and make the coughing less frequent.

When to See a Doctor

  1. If the coughing keeps going, even after trying to manage stress or using relaxation techniques.
  2. If someone feels sad or worried a lot because of the coughing, it’s okay to talk to a doctor about it.
  3. A doctor can provide guidance on managing psychogenic cough and address any underlying issues.

7.Nighttime Cough

Nighttime Cough


  1. The main symptom is coughing, which can be dry or produce phlegm.
  2. Coughing can disturb sleep patterns, leading to fatigue and daytime sleepiness.
  3. Depending on the underlying cause, additional symptoms such as wheezing, chest tightness, or heartburn may be present.


Postnasal Drip

Mucus can drip down the back of the throat during sleep, triggering coughing.


Symptoms of asthma, such as coughing, often worsen at night Due to changes in airway function.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can cause stomach acid to reflux into the throat, leading to irritation and coughing.


Respiratory infections like colds or flu may produce more mucus and coughing at night.


  1. Treatments vary depending on the cause,
  2. Such as antihistamines for allergies, inhalers for asthma, or proton pump inhibitors for GERD.
  3. Sleeping with the head slightly elevated can help reduce post nasal drip and reflux.
  4. Using a humidifier in the bedroom can add moisture to the air, soothing the throat and reducing coughing.
  5. Drinking plenty of fluids throughout the day can help thin mucus and alleviate coughing.

When to See a Doctor

  1. If the cough persists for more than a few weeks or is accompanied by other concerning symptoms.
  2. If coughing is severe and associated with difficulty breathing or chest pain.
  3. If you have a known respiratory condition like asthma or GERD, and your symptoms worsen or are not wee– controlled.

8. Allergic Cough

Allergic Cough

An allergic cough happens when your body reacts to something it’s allergic to, making you cough.


  • You may have sudden fits of coughing, especially after being around allergens.
  • Your throat might feel sore or irritated.
  • Your nose might be stuffy or runny.
  • Your eyes could be watery or itchy.



Allergic coughs are caused by things your body is sensitive to, like pollen, dust, pets, mold, or certain foods.

Body’s reaction

When you encounter these allergens, your body’s immune system overreacts, making your throat and airways feel irritated, which leads to coughing.

Cough Treatments

  1. Try to stay away from things that make you cough, like dust or pollen.
  2. Allergy medicines from the store can help, like antihistamines or nasal sprays.
  3. Drinking lots of water can soothe your throat and help thin mucus.
  4. Breathing in steam from a hot shower or bowl of hot water can help loosen mucus and make your throat feel better.

When to See a Doctor

  • If your cough keeps going, even after trying to avoid allergens and taking medicine.
  • If your cough is really bad or comes with trouble breathing, chest pain, or a fever.
  • If your cough gets worse over time or makes it hard to do things you need to do.

9. Smoker’s Cough

Smoker’s Cough

Smoker’s cough is when people who smoke have a cough because of their smoking habit.


  • Smokers often have a cough that won’t go away, lasting for weeks or months.
  • The cough may bring up mucus from the lungs.
  • Some smokers might wheeze or make a whistling sound when breathing.
  • Coughing can sometimes make the chest hurt or feel uncomfortable.



Smoking irritates the lung and throat, making them produce more mucus.


Tobacco smoke has harmful chemicals that damage the lungs. Causing coughing as the body tries to clear them out.

Long – term Effects

Smoking for a long time can weaken the tiny hairs I the lungs, making it harder to clear mucus and leading to ongoing coughing.

Cough Treatments

  1. The best way to improve a smoker’s cough is to stop smoking. Quitting can help the lungs heal and reduce coughing.
  2. Drinking lots of water can help thin mucus and make it easier to cough up.
  3. Adding moisture to the air with a humidifier can soothe the throat and reduce coughing.
  4. Staying away from places where people smoke can help reduce exposure to smoke and lessen coughing.

When to See a Doctor

  1. If the cough continues for a long time even after quitting smoking.
  2. If the cough comes with other worrying symptoms like trouble breathing, chest pain, or coughing up blood.
  3. If you need help quitting smoking, talk to your doctor who can give you advice and support.


How do I know if my cough is serious?

If your cough lasts more than three weeks, makes it hard to breathe, or you cough up blood, it might be serious. Talk to a doctor for advice.

Is coughing a bad habit ?

Yes, a habit cough can be bothersome because it keeps going even when there’s no sickness. It’s good to talk to a doctor to figure out why it’s happening.

How do I stop constant throat clearing?

To stop constantly clearing your throat, drink plenty of water and use throat lozenges. Also, see a doctor to check for allergies or acid reflux that might be causing it.

How is cough removed from the body?

Coughing pushes out irritants and mucus from your lungs and throat when you breathe out strongly. Drinking fluids and using cough medicine recommended by a doctor can also help ease coughing.

What kind of cough is serious?

A cough that sticks around for a while and makes it hard to breathe, causes chest pain, or coughs up blood could be serious. If you have these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor.

Which Color Cough is normal?

A normal cough is usually clear or white, showing that your respiratory system is healthy. But if your cough is yellow, green, or brown, it might mean you have an infection or another problem. It’s important to see a doctor if your cough changes color.

Which is the best syrup for a wet cough?

The best syrup for a wet cough is one with expectorants like guaifenesin, Which helps loosen and remove mucus from the lungs. It’s important to ask a doctor for advice on which syrup is right for you.

How do I know if my cough is pneumonia?

If your cough comes with a high fever, chest pain, trouble breathing, and phlegm that’s green or yellow, it might be pneumonia. It’s best to see a doctor to be sure and get the right treatment.

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