types of depression

What is depression: Symptoms, Causes, Types, Stages, Treatment

Table of Contents

What is Depression?

Depression is a type of mental health that makes people feel sad, hopeless, and bored in things they used to enjoy before. it’s more than just feeling down for a little while. Depression can influence how you think, feel, and handle daily activities. Let’s read types of depression and everything about it.

Is depression a big problem?

Yes, depression is a major problem for many people. It influences a lot of folks all around the world. It can make life hard and cause problems in relationships, and the world. Your life is hard and causes problems in relationships, work, and how you feel about yourself. It’s important to understand that depression is serious and can have a big impact on someone’s life.

Is it curable?

Yes, depression can be treated. That means there are ways to help people feel better and manage their symptoms. While it might not always go away completely, many people find ways to cope with depression and lead fulfilling lives. Getting support from therapists, taking medication if needed, making healthy lifestyle changes, and having support from friends and family can all play a part in managing depression.

Difference between Depression and anxiety?

Depression and anxiety are both types of feelings that can make people feel bad, but they are different from each other.


  1. Depression makes people feel very sad most of the time and they might not enjoy the things they used to like.
  2. People with depression might have trouble sleeping or eating, and they might feel tired a lot.
  3. They might feel like they’re not worth anything or feel guilty, and sometimes they might even think about hurting themselves.


  1. Anxiety is when people worry a lot about things that might happen in the future. They might feel scared or nervous all the time.
  2. People with anxiety might feel shaky, sweaty, or like their heart is beating fast.
  3. They might avoid doing certain things or going to certain places because they feel too scared.

How They're Different

  1. Main Feeling: Depression is mostly about feeling sad, while anxiety is mostly about feeling really worried or scared.
  2. What They Focus On: Depression is about feeling bad about yourself and the world, while anxiety is about being afraid of things that might happen.
  3. Physical Feelings: Both can make people feel bad physically, but anxiety is more likely to make people feel shaky or sweaty.
  4. How They Affect Life: Depression can make people not want to do things they like, while anxiety can make it hard for people to do things because they’re too scared.

Depression symptoms in women?

  • Feeling really sad most of the time.
  • Not enjoying things you used to like.
  • Eating too much or too little, or gaining or losing weight.
  • Having trouble sleeping or sleeping too much, feeling tired all the time.
  • Feeling tired or having low energy.
  • Finding it hard to focus or make decisions.
  • Feeling guilty or worthless.
  • Getting easily annoyed or angry.
  • Having unexplained aches and pains, headaches, or stomach problems.
  • Thinking about death or wanting to die.

Depression symptoms in men?

  • Getting easily annoyed or angry.
  • Feeling pains, headaches, or stomach problems without a clear reason.
  • Doing risky things or using drugs or alcohol more than usual.
  • Having trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Feeling tired even after resting.
  • Not enjoying things you used to like.
  • Finding it hard to focus or make decisions.
  • Acting more aggressive or having a short temper.
  • Not wanting to be around people or do things you used to do.
  • Thinking about death or suicide, or feeling like life is pointless.

Depression symptoms according to DSM 5?

  • Feeling sad most days, or others notice you seem sad.
  • Not enjoying things you used to like doing.
  • Eating a lot more or a lot less than usual, which can lead to weight changes.
  • Having trouble sleeping or sleeping too much.
  • Feeling restless or slowed down most days.
  • Feeling tired or having low energy all the time.
  • Feeling worthless or guilty most days.
  • Having trouble concentrating or making decisions.
  • Thinking about concentrating or making decisions.

To be diagnosed with depression, someone needs to have at least five of these symptoms almost every day for at least two weeks. These symptoms must also cause a lot of problems in their life, like at school or with friends.

If someone has these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor or therapist

What are the Causes of depression?

Seasonal Changes

  • Feeling sadder when there’s less sunlight in fall and winter.
  • The sun affects how we feel, and less sunlight can make us feel down.

Social Isolation

  • Feeling lonely because we don’t have friends to talk to.
  • Not having friends can make us feel sad and alone.


  • Trying too hard to be perfect can make us feel unhappy.
  • Wanting everything to be perfect can make us feel like we’re not good enough.

Traumatic Events

  • Bad things happening, like accidents or scary events, can make us feel really sad.
  • When bad things happen and we don’t know how to deal with them, we can feel even worse.

Chronic Illness

  • Being sick all the time can make us feel really tired and sad.
  • When we’re sick all the time, it can make us feel like we can’t do things like other people can.

Sleep Disorders

  • Not being able to sleep well can make us feel grumpy and tired.
  • When we can’t sleep well, it can make us feel even worse and more tired.

Workplace Stress

  • Having a job that makes us feel stressed can make us feel unhappy.
  • When work makes us feel stressed, it can make us feel like we’re not good enough.

Childhood Adversity

  • Bad things happening when we were kids can make us feel sad even when we grow up.
  • When bad things happen to us when we’re kids, it can make us feel sad for a long time.

Unemployment or Financial Strain

  • Not having enough money or losing our job can make us feel worried and sad.
  • When we don’t have enough money or we lose our job, it can make us feel stressed and sad.

Chronic Pain

  • Feeling pain all the time can make us feel really tired and unhappy.
  • When we have pain all the time, it can make us feel like we can’t do things we want to do.

Types of depression?

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD):

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): This is when someone feels sad and hopeless for at least two weeks. They may lose interest in things they used to enjoy.

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

This is like MDD but lasts for a long time, usually two years or more. People with PDD may feel sad, but not as intensely as those with MDD.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

SAD is when someone feels depressed during certain seasons, often in the fall and winter when there’s less sunlight.

Postpartum Depression (PPD)

This is when a parent feels very sad and overwhelmed after having a baby. It can affect both moms and dads.

Psychotic Depression

This is a severe form of depression where people may experience hallucinations or delusions along with intense sadness.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder involves extreme mood swings, including periods of depression and periods of high energy and activity  (mania or hypomania).

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

PMDD is when someone experiences severe depression, irritability, and mood swings before their period.

Atypical Depression

This type of depression includes mood changes in response to positive events, along with symptoms like increased appetite and excessive sleep.

Situational Depression

This happens after a stressful event, like a breakup or losing a job. The sadness usually goes away once the situation gets better.

Cyclothymic Disorder

This involves chronic mood swings between mild depression and mild highs (hypomania), but they’re not as severe as those seen in bipolar disorder.

Stages of depression?

Normal Mood

  • Feeling okay and doing regular tasks.
  • Not feeling very different from usual.

Early Signs

  • Starting to feel a bit sad or angry sometimes.
  • Having trouble sleeping or eating like before.

Mild Depression

  • Feeling sad most days.
  • Not wanting to do fun things anymore.

Moderate Depression

  • Hard to focus or get things done.
  • Feeling tired all the time, even after resting.

Severe Depression

  • Finding it very hard to do anything.
  • Feeling like things will never get better.

Why are exercises Important to reduce depression?

  • Walking
  • Dion Stretching
  • Breathing Exercises
  • Dancing
  • Gentle Yoga
  • Gardening
  • Playing with Pets
  • Drawing or Coloring
  • Listening to Music
  • Taking to a Friend

Why Healthy diet important for depression?

  1. Eat More Fruits and Vegetables: Try to eat lots of colorful fruits and veggies. They have vitamins and antioxidants that can help your brain and mood.
  2. Choose Whole Grains: Pick whole grains like brown rice, oats, and whole wheat bread instead of white bread or pasta. Whole grains can give you steady energy and make you feel better.
  3. Get Enough Lean Protein: Eat foods like chicken, fish, beans, and tofu. They have protein that helps your brain make chemicals that control your mood.
  4. Include Healthy Fats: Eat foods with healthy fats like avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil.Omega-3 – 3 fats in fish can also help improve your mood.
  5. Avoid Sugary Snacks: Try to stay away from sugary snacks and drinks. They can make your energy go up and down and make you feel worse.
  6. Drink Plenty of Water. Make sure to drink enough water every day. Being dehydrated can make you feel tired and affect your mood.
  7. Limit Caffeine and Alcohol: Try not to have too much caffeine or alcohol. They can make you feel anxious or tired, which can make depression worse.
  8. Eat Regular Meals: Try to eat three meals a day with healthy snacks in between. This can help keep your energy levels stable and improve your mood.
  9. Consider Taking Supplements: If you’re not getting enough vitamins and minerals from your food, talk to your doctor about taking supplements like vitamin D or B vitamins.
  10. Ask for Help: If you’re not sure what to eat or need help making changes, talk to a doctor or dietitian. They can give you personalized advice to help you feel better.

How to Diagnose?

Taking to a Doctor

  • You talk to a doctor about how you’re feeling.
  • The doctor asks you questions to understand your feelings.

Checking Symptoms

  • The doctor checks if your feelings match those of depression.
  • They look for signs like feeling very sad or not enjoying things you used to.

Medical Check - Up

  • The doctor examines your body to make sure nothing else is causing your feelings.
  • They may do tests to check if there are any problems with your health.

Questions and Answers

  • You answer questions about how long you’ve been feeling this way and how it’s affecting your life.
  • The doctor listens to your answers to understand your feelings better.

Understanding Your Feelings

  • The doctor tries to understand how your feelings are making it hard for you to do things.
  • They want to know if your feelings are affecting your work, school, or relationships.

Exploring Other Possibilities

  • The doctor considers other reasons why you might feel this way, like anxiety or bipolar disorder.
  • They want to make sure they understand everything that’s going on with you.

Deciding Together

  • You and the doctor talk about what might be causing your feelings.
  • Together, you decide on the best way to help you feel better, the therapy or medication.

What are the best treatments?

Talking Therapy (Therapy)

  • Talking with a therapist to understand and cope with feelings.
  • Therapists help by teaching new ways to think and react to situations.


  • Taking prescribed medication to help with symptoms
  • Doctors might prescribe pills that can help balance brain chemicals.

Healthy Lifestyle

  • Doing things like exercising, eating well, and getting enough sleep.
  • These healthy habits can improve mood and overall well – being.

Support Groups

  • Joining groups where people share experiences with depression.
  • Being part of a supportive community can make dealing with depression easier.

Relaxation Techniques

  • Using methods like meditation, deep breathing, or yoga.
  • These practices can help calm the mind and reduce stress.

Brain Stimulation Therapies

  • Trying treatments like electrocution therapy (ECT) or intracranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).
  • These methods use controlled electrical or magnetic pulses to stimulate the brain and improve symptoms.

Collaborative Care

  • Working with a team of healthcare professionals, including doctors and therapists.
  • This approach ensures that all aspects of a person’s health are considered in their treatment plan.

What are the best preventions?

Healthy Lifestyle

  • Eat good food and drink water.
  • Exercise or move your body often.

Stress Management

  • Take deep breaths when you feel stressed.
  • Take breaks and do things you like.

Social Support

  • Spend time with family and friends.
  • Meet new people and join groups.

Mindfulness and Resilience

  • Think about good things in your life.
  • Focus on finding solutions to problems.

Healthy Coping Mechanisms

  • Talk to someone you trust if you feel sad.
  • Do things that make you happy and relaxed.

Li-mint Alcohol and Substance Use

  • Don’t drink too much alcohol.
  • Stay away from drugs and ask for help if you need it.

Seek Help Early

  • Don’t wait to get help if you feel overwhelmed
  • Talk to a counselor or therapist if you’re feeling down.

Stay Active and Engaged

  • Keep busy with things you enjoy.
  • Stay in touch with people you care about.

Healthy Work - Life Balance

  • Make time for yourself and don’t work too much.
  • Take breaks and take care of yourself.

Regular Check - Ups

  • Visit your doctor regularly.
  • Talk to them about any problems you have with your body or mind.


What are the 5 levels of depression?

  1. Feeling a Bit Down: Sometimes people feel a little sad or low, but it doesn’t stop them from doing their usual activities.
  2. Feeling More Down: When feelings of sadness get stronger and start to make it hard to do things like work or spend time with friends.
  3. Feeling Down: When sadness takes over and makes it very difficult to do everyday tasks. This can make it hard to work, go to school, or even get out of bed.
  4. Feeling Down on and Off: Some people have times when they feel better, but then the sadness comes back again and again. This is called recurrent depression.
  5. Feeling Down Despite Trying to Get Better: Even after trying different treatments, like therapy or medication, some people still feel very sad. This is called treatment – resistant depression.

What makes depression harmful?

  • Hard to Do Daily Stuff
  • Makes You Feel Really Sad
  • Loneliness
  • Scary Thoughts
  • Trouble with Friends and Family
  • Not Enjoying Life

Can depression change your face?

Depression doesn’t make your face look different on its own. However, it might affect how you express emotions, your energy levels, and how well you take care of yourself, which can change how your face looks to others.

What is stress?

Stress is when you feel worried or tense because of things happening around you, like school or work. It’s your body’s way of reacting to tough situations. It can make you feel anxious or upset, both in your mind and your body.

How to control stress?

Controlling stress means finding ways to handle and reduce the pressure from tough situations. This includes things like managing your time, doing relaxing activities, and talking to someone for support. By controlling stress, you can feel better and deal with life’s challenges more easily.

How do I check my stress level?

You can check your stress level by noticing how you feel in your body and emotions. If you feel tense, worried, or have trouble sleeping or focusing, you might be stressed. You can also use online tests or talk to a doctor or therapist for help understanding your stress level.

Where can I do more research on types of depression?

If you want to do more research on types of depression then you can visit Wikipedia.

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